Survival Water

May 15, 2016:
By George Hart,

There is no formal definition for survival water. Survival water is simply the water that you have on-hand and can get and purify in an emergency situation. This includes water already stored for emergency situations, personal water filters, family-size filtration systems, water storage and acquiring water from rain, runoff, streams and ponds.

Water is an essential element to our survival. Everybody knows that water is the primary of the 3 essentials for survival. Water, fire, and shelter. It is also a necessary item in an emergency supplies kit. If a disaster were to strike your city or community, water may become inaccessible or unavailable. Being cut-off from your water supply or having it compromised makes for difficult living. Prepare yourself now by building and storing an emergency water supply for survival. Find out how much water will meet your family’s needs. Learn other useful tips for acquiring water in an emergency situation. Remember, your family will need to have enough water to drink, cook, and wash with.

Next, you will need to decide how much water your family will need. Rule of thumb says that you need at least 1 gallon of water per person per day for 3 days. A person that’s active on a normal basis needs to drink at least 8 cups or one half gallon of water a day. You will also need to plan for hygiene purposes and for cooking. This means a family of four needs 12 gallons of water in their emergency supply as a minimum. Always remember that extra water will need to be stored for children, pregnant women, the sick and disabled, and those living in hotter climates. Don’t forget about your furry family members, pets! Keep in mind that cats and dogs need about 1 gallon of water for 3 days also. 

Gathering and storing your emergency water supply is the next thing you need to think about. There are two ways to get your emergency water supply. The safest option is to buy pre-packaged bottled water. Do not open the bottled water until you are ready to use them. Throughout the year, check the expiration dates on store-bought bottled water. Replace those as needed. First in, first out. The second way is to fill your own containers with water. Make sure that you are using food-grade water storage containers. These are usually found at military surplus or camping supply stores. You can use 2-liter plastic soda bottles if you cannot buy those types of water storage containers and be sure to wash and rinse them thoroughly. `Before using a container for water storage, you will need to clean it. Wash containers with dishwashing soap. Rinse with water. Mix 1 teaspoon of household bleach with 1 quart (1/4 gallon) of water. Shake the solution around in the container. Make sure it touches all inside surfaces. Rinse again with clean water. This will ensure that none of the properties of the water will be altered while stored.

 Do not use containers that have ever held anything poisonous for water storage. Do not use glass containers due to easy breakage and extra weight. Avoid containers without an airtight seal. Do not use Milk jugs as they can be hard to clean and some containers made of plastic will break down over a period of time. Store water in a cool, dark place in your car, home, or office. Replace water every 6 months.

Another method of acquiring survival water is with portable water purification devices. They are self-contained, hand-carried units used by a broad spectrum of outdoorsmen and survivalists. When water is from untreated or potentially contaminated sources, like rivers and lakes, the use of a personal water purifier for obtaining clean water is essential. This personal filtration device renders the water potable, making the water safe enough for drinking and food preparation. Personal water purifiers are ideal for emergency preparedness. They are compact and lightweight making them ideal for your survival kit. Excellent addition for those who depend on rivers or lakes for their water source.

Survival water purification and sterilization techniques include activated charcoal absorption, chemical disinfection (e.g. chlorine), distillation (including solar distillation), filtration, heat (including boiling), and iodine.

In conclusion, survival water is primary essential number one. Get into the habit now of storing extra water. Estimate how much water that you need to store for your situation. Survival water can also come from unclean sources like lakes, ponds, and rivers which makes personal water purifiers an essential for any survival kit. There are many methods of filtering and purifying water. Research those methods so that no matter where you are or what your situation, you and your family will always have survival water!

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